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How Do Hoverboards Work?

The hoverboard is one of the coolest creations of the past few years. There are several key parts that work underneath the surface that dictate how these hoverboards work. From the main motherboard to the sensor technology, there’s plenty to uncover about hoverboards – literally. The following is a list of the most important part that goes into making a hoverboard run properly:

  1. A steel plastic frame with a central pivot device
  2. A plastic outer shell to contain and protect the inner mechanics
  3. A logic board (the motherboard/main printed circuit board)
  4. Two gyroscopes
  5. Two infrared sensors (with one for each foot)
  6. Two electric motors (one situated inside each wheel for each foot)
  7. Two tilt/spread sensors (one situated inside each wheel for each foot)
  8. Pressure pads with two switches on each, one at the front and one at the back
  9. LED lights
  10. A charging port
  11. A battery pack
  12. A power switch

So, now you understand what goes into making a hoverboard, you’re wondering how these parts work together to get you where you want to be. The short answer is that there is some sophisticated, built-in technology in the hoverboard that slows you down when your weight is pushed backward, and push you forward when you lean forward. This is achieved through the power of the gyroscopes and the tilt/speed sensors. They work together to measure how your body moves and respond accordingly. To put it simply; lean forward to go forward and lean back to slow down. 

The tilt and speed sensors also work together with the gyroscope to read the weight distribution of the rider and translate this information in real time. The gyroscope will establish your center of gravity and use that to relate your movements from there. The speed controls communicate with sensors inside the wheels to send information about the way your body is tilted to the motherboard. 

The pressure pads are used to detect movements and translate them to the board. The sides of the board have pressure pads with two switches, one at the front and one at the back. Those switches are able to detect the weight distribution of riders and take things from there. It works the turning mechanism used when the front foot and the back foot trigger their respective switches for turning. Let’s take a closer look at all of this.


How It Works

The good news is that anyone can easily learn how to use a hoverboard, no matter their age. 

  • Step One

Start the balance electric scooter. 

  • Step Two

Turn left by pushing your right foot forward, or turn right by pushing your left foot forward. 

  • Step Three

Maintain your center of gravity while using the hoverboard. 

  • Step Four

Title your body forward to move the hoverboard forward. Tilt your body back to slow down the hoverboard and move backward.